PASSIVE VOICE

PASSIVE VOICE (Be+V3)

.Present
SIMPLE
.Active
S + V1 + O
ex: Ratu writes a letter.
.Passive
S + is/am/are + V3 + by agent
ex: A letter is written by Ratu.

.Present
CONTINUOUS
.Active
S + is/am/are + Ving + O
ex: Ratu is writing a letter.
.Passive
S + is/am/are + being + V3 + by agent
ex: A letter is being written by Ratu.

.Present
PERFECT
.Active
S + have/has + V3 + O
ex: Ratu has written a letter.
.Passive
S + have/has + been + V3 + by agent
ex: A letter has been written by Ratu.

.Past
SIMPLE
.Active
S + V2 + O
ex: Ratu wrote a letter.
.Passive
S + was/were + V3 + by agent
ex: A letter was written by Ratu.

.Past
CONTINUOUS
.Active
S + was/were + Ving + O
ex: Ratu was writing a letter.
.Passive
S + was/were + being + V3 + by agent
ex: A letter was being written by Ratu.

.Past
PERFECT
.Active
S + had + V3 + O
ex: Ratu had written a letter.
.Passive
S + had + been + V3 + by agent´╗┐

ex: A letter had been written by Ratu.

.Future
SIMPLE
.Active
S + will + V1 + O
ex: Ratu will write a letter.
.Passive
S + will + be + V3 + by agent
ex: A letter will be written by Ratu.

.Future
CONTINUOUS
.Active
S + will + be + Ving + O
ex: Ratu will be writing a letter.
.Passive
S + will + be + being + V3 + by agent
ex: A letter will be being written by Ratu.

.Future
PERFECT
.Active
S + will + have + V3 + O
ex: Ratu will have written a letter.
.Passive
S + will + have + been + V3 + by agent
ex: A letter will have been written by Ratu.

*. Modal (can,should,may,might)
.Active
S + modal + V1 + O
ex: Ratu can write a letter.
.Passive
S + can + be + V3 + by agent
ex: A letter can be written by Ratu.

*. Be going to
.Active
S + is/am/are + going to + V1 + O
ex: Ratu is going to write a letter.
.Passive
S + is/am/are + going to + be + V3 + by agent
ex: A letter is going to be written by Ratu.

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